The Difference Between Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning

The Difference Between Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a word we’re all familiar with. After all, films like Star Wars, The Terminator, The Matrix, and Ex Machina have all featured it.  However, now we also come across words like Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL), which are occasionally used interchangeably with artificial intelligence. The difference between them is getting blurred as these buzzwords overlap each other. 

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of a robot controlled by a computer to do tasks that require human intelligence and discretion. 

Machine learning is the study of algorithms that improve themselves over time as a result of experience and data. It’s regarded as a part of artificial intelligence.

Deep learning is an AI function that mimics the human brain while processing data for use in recognizing speech, translating languages, and making decisions.

In this article, we will discuss the various differences between Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning.

AI. vs ML. vs DL.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

AI refers to the ability of a computer-controlled robot to accomplish tasks that would ordinarily be performed by intelligent beings.

The following aspects of intelligence have been the focus of AI research: learning, reasoning, problem-solving, perception, and language use.

The ability of artificial intelligence to rationalize and execute actions that have the best likelihood of reaching a certain goal is its ideal feature.

Artificial intelligence has a multitude of applications. The technology can be used in a variety of industries and sectors. From the pharmaceutical industry for dosing drugs and administering various treatments to patients, as well as surgical operations in the operating room, to chess and self-driving cars, artificial intelligence has become an integral part of the present and the future.

Artificial intelligence is also used in the financial industry to detect and identify suspicious behaviour in banking and finance, like unusual debit card usage and substantial account deposits, which assists a bank’s fraud department.

Also Read: Artificial intelligence in the business world

Machine Learning

Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence focused on the development of computer software that can learn without human intervention. 

Multiple sectors of the economy are dealing with massive amounts of data in various formats gathered from various sources. Because of the advancement of technology, particularly increased processing capabilities and cloud storage, vast amounts of data, known as big data, are becoming more readily available and accessible.

Machine learning data applications are created using a complicated algorithm or source code embedded in the machine or computer. This programming code creates a model that recognizes data and makes predictions based on that data.

For its decision-making process, the model employs parameters integrated into the algorithm to form patterns. When new or extra data becomes available, the algorithm modifies the parameters automatically to see whether there is a pattern shift. The model, on the other hand, should not be altered. 

Trading systems can be calibrated to recognize potential investment opportunities. Based on the customers’ internet search history or previous transactions, marketing and e-commerce platforms can be customized to deliver accurate and personalized suggestions to their consumers. Machine learning can be used by lending organizations to anticipate problematic loans and create a credit risk model.

Deep Learning 

Deep learning is a subset of an extended group of machine learning techniques based on representation learning and artificial neural networks. There are three types of learning: supervised, semi-supervised, and unsupervised. To carry out the machine learning process, it employs a hierarchical level of artificial neural networks. Artificial neural networks are constructed in the same way as the human brain, with neuron nodes connected in a web-like pattern. While typical programmes develop analysis using data in a linear manner, deep learning systems’ hierarchical functions allow machines to process data in a nonlinear manner.

To detect fraud, Deep Learning will use a variety of signals, like IP address, credit score, retailer, and sender, to mention a few. It will examine the quantity sent in the first layer of its artificial neural network. It will build on this information in a second layer, for example, by including the IP address. The credit score is added to the existing information in the third layer and so on until a final output is reached.


Artificial intelligence and big data are now apparently inseparable due to AI’s capacity to efficiently deal with data analytics. AI, machine learning, and deep learning are extracting information from all sources and using it to develop better results and create a tech-savvy world.


1.What are the benefits of using AI technology?

Some of the benefits of using AI technology include reduction in errors, faster decision making, digital assistance, automating customer interactions, real-time assistance, data mining, and rapid innovation.

2.What are the career opportunities in Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Deep Learning?

Some of the career options in AI, ML, and DL include Big Data Engineer, Business Intelligence Developer, Data and AI consultant, Machine Learning Engineer, Deep Learning Expert, Software Engineer, Robotics Professional, Data Scientist, Product Manager, and many more.

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